Araucana (British type)

Araucana hen Araucana cock

Key Characteristics

Great back garden bird. They are hardy with a great resistance to all common poultry-related diseases. 

The breed is a great flier so wings have to be clipped or they need to be kept in a fully enclosed run.

History

  • Originate from Arauca region of Chile
  • There were several introductions of blue egg layers from South America to the UK but the most significant is from the foundering of a Chilean ship in the Hebrides that was carrying ancestors of the modern breed.
  • In the 1940s George Malcolm developed Araucana bantams starting from crosses with Belgian bantams which introduced the lavender gene
  • Lavender has since been introduced to large fowl and has been the most popular colour variety of both sizes ever since
  • It was not until the 1960s that the breed was standardised.

Appearance

  • Araucanas are crested with ear muffs and beard and are active and alert
  • There are 12 colours of large and bantam British type Araucanas in the British Poultry Standards
  • There is a rumples variety which is rare in the UK.

Uses

Eggs

Good layer with some strains exceeding 250 green or blue eggs per year. Bantams should match this performance with the added benefit of less space requirements.

Did you know?

Araucana hens lay a blue or green egg. The colour runs completely through the thickness of the shell which is a unique feature in poultry.

The Rare Breeds Survival Trust is the leading national charity working to conserve and protect the United Kingdom's rare native breeds of farm animals from extinction. We rely on the support of our members, grants and donations from the public to raise the £700,000 a year needed to maintain our conservation work with rare UK native breeds of farm animals. Visit www.rbst.org.uk to see how you can help.

Breed Societies

The Araucana Club

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