Campbells khaki Campbells white

Key Characteristics

Campbells are lively and are good foragers, helping to make short work of slugs and snails in the garden. Like many of our breeds, there are a great many birds around which are called Campbells but few which would conform to the actual breed standard. 


  • One of the first, and certainly the most successful, of the utility breeds designed in the 20th century from the Indian Runner, the Campbell largely took over as the top egg-laying duck. 
  • The breed was created by Mrs Adele Campbell using a Rouen drake, a Fawn and White Runner duck and some Wild Duck blood. 
  • Originally, they were intended as a utility breed but when a number of breeders wanted to show their birds, a breed standard was drawn up. 
  • Later, the White and Dark varieties were developed. 


  • The Khaki is, as its name suggests, an even shade of warm khaki with pencilling on the breast. The drake should have a green-bronze head and the duck a slightly darker shade of khaki to the body. The drake should have a dark greenish-blue bill and orange legs and feet, the duck a dark slate bill.
  • The white is pure white throughout, with orange bill and legs and grey-blue eyes. Unfortunately, many white ducks, if not called Aylesbury, are referred to as White Campbells, and this has rather spoiled the image of this colour form. Birds are seen with poor type or bill colour.
  • The Dark Campbell drake will have a black head with green iridescence and a body which is grey-brown, the duck is brown overall with darker pencilling. 



The Campbell is one of the top egg laying duck breeds with some utility strains producing as many as 300 eggs a year from one duck.

Did you know?

Mrs Campbell’s Original Campbell ducks were not khaki at all. They quite closely resembled Abacot Rangers. It was not until about 1901 when she tried to produce buff coloured birds, and failed, that the Khaki variety emerged.

The Rare Breeds Survival Trust is the leading national charity working to conserve and protect the United Kingdom's rare native breeds of farm animals from extinction. We rely on the support of our members, grants and donations from the public to raise the £700,000 a year needed to maintain our conservation work with rare UK native breeds of farm animals. Visit to see how you can help.

Support RBST

Your support can help us save the UK’s rarest breeds of farm animals.

Upcoming Events