Key Characteristics

Their curly plumage means that birds are not able to fly. 


  • The place of origin, the drainage basin of the River Danube and Black Sea area, gives it the title: Sebastopol Goose.
  • Sir Edward Brown maintained that the earliest Sebastopols were imported here in 1859, shortly after the Crimean War.  
  • Reported in the English press in 1860, the imported birds were exhibited at The Crystal Palace Poultry Show. An engraving depicts a pair of smooth-breasted birds, each weighing 11lbs.


  • There are two main feather-types: the smooth-breasted and the curled-feather. 
  • The first is basically a normal, smooth-feathered bird apart from exceptionally long, trailing scapular and thigh feathers that form a dense canopy of silky ribbons that often reach the floor.
  • The second type has a much curlier appearance. The breast tends to be covered in a mass of tightly curled feathers; the wing and thigh coverts are reduced to long wisps and ribbons; 
  • The size of modern birds range from  12 – 16 lbs for males to 10 – 14 lbs for females.



Birds can be kept for meat although most are jut ornamental. 

Did you know?

The breed has a number of names. The French have called it l’oie frisse, and the Germans Lockengäns.

The Rare Breeds Survival Trust is the leading national charity working to conserve and protect the United Kingdom's rare native breeds of farm animals from extinction. We rely on the support of our members, grants and donations from the public to raise the £700,000 a year needed to maintain our conservation work with rare UK native breeds of farm animals. Visit to see how you can help.

Support RBST

Your support can help us save the UK’s rarest breeds of farm animals.

Upcoming Events