Key Characteristics

The Welsh is able to thrive under all weather conditions. The breed is the most commercially developed of all the traditional breeds producing good sized litters. Average Litter Size in 2009 was 11.24 and the sows make good mothers. The Welsh is ideal for more intensive systems. Pigs grow quickly and carcases grade well for the commercial market.

  • The Welsh is a long, lean, lop-eared white breed.
  • Sows weigh around 150-200kg and boars, 250kg. 
  • They should have well-developed hams and a minimum of 14 teats.


  • The Modern Welsh Pig can be traced back to an indigenous, white lop-eared breed kept in Wales for as long as records exist.
  • This long, lean, slow maturing pig was found throughout the southern and western counties of the Principality.
  • The Welsh Pig Society was formed in 1922 to focus on improving the commercial attributes of the breed.
  • This led to a dramatic rise in the number of Welsh pigs. In the 1950s Landrace blood was successfully introduced to create a fast growing, easily managed, commercial type pig.
  • This “improved” Welsh pig was identified by The Howitt Report (1955) as one of the three main breeds on which the modern pig industry should be based.
  • However the unrelenting drive towards intensification and hybrid vigour in commercial herds led to a major decline in breed numbers and it has now become a breed at risk.


Welsh boars are excellent crossing sires for rare breed sows producing leaner, fast growing offspring with improved conformation.The Welsh is ideal for both pork and bacon production with carcases remaining lean at heavier weights.

Did you know?

In 1955, a report was produced that advised farmers to focus on just three pig breeds, the Large White, the Welsh and the British Landrace, in order to increase profitability. This resulted in the decline of many of our other native breeds. 

Breed Societies

For more information please visit British Pig Association